Soybeans are sensitive to seed-placed fertilizer.
Seedbed Utilization (SBU) is the amount of the seedbed over which the fertilizer is spread. This is expressed as % SBU (width of spread divided by the row spacing and multiplied by 100). Therefore, at a given application rate, the more narrow the row spacing, the higher SBU and the lower the potential seed damage.
Crop: Soybean (Glycine max)
Locations: 9 locations United States – ND, SD Canada – MB
Data Source: Field studies conducted by third-party, independent researchers.
Experimental Design: Small-plot RCBD with 4 replications.
Cropping Conditions: All trials conformed to local cropping practices. Fertilizer was applied with the seed at planting. P₂O₅ fertilizer rates were 16, 24, 32 and 40 lbs/ac. These rates were equivalent to 40, 60, 80 and 100 lbs/ac of SZ, respectively. Row spacing: 7.5 inches and 30 inches. Stand counts were taken at 21–30 days after planting. Soil texture was loam for most of the locations.
80 lbs/ac of fertilizer applied:
MicroEssentials® SZ® demonstrated less stand reduction and higher yield at 7.5 inches row spacing than 30 inches row spacing. See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
Based on yield in Fig. 2, MicroEssentials® SZ® can be safely applied with soybean seed up to 40 lbs P₂O₅/ac (100 lbs MicroEssentials® SZ®/ac) in 7.5 inches row spacing.
Based on yield in Fig. 2, MicroEssentials® SZ® can be safely applied with soybean seed up to 32 lbs P₂O₅/ac (80 lbs MicroEssentials® SZ®/ac) in 30 inches row spacing.
MicroEssentials® SZ® applied in narrow spacing decreases the number of fertilizer granules next to the soybean seeds (higher percent SBU) and allows higher rates of fertilizer to be safely applied with the seed.