March 2014
Soybean

MicroEssentials® SZ® Soybean Seed Safety

Objective

Determine the rate of MicroEssentials® SZ® (12-40-0-10S-1Zn) that can safely be placed with soybean seed in 7.5 inches and 30 inches row spacings.

OVERVIEW

  • Soybeans are sensitive to seed-placed fertilizer.

  • Seedbed Utilization (SBU) is the amount of the seedbed over which the fertilizer is spread. This is expressed as % SBU (width of spread divided by the row spacing and multiplied by 100). Therefore, at a given application rate, the more narrow the row spacing, the higher SBU and the lower the potential seed damage.

TRIAL DETAILS

Crop: Soybean (Glycine max)

Year: 2010-2012

Locations: 9 locations United States – ND, SD Canada – MB

Data Source: Field studies conducted by third-party, independent researchers.

Experimental Design: Small-plot RCBD with 4 replications.

Cropping Conditions: All trials conformed to local cropping practices. Fertilizer was applied with the seed at planting.
P₂O₅ fertilizer rates were 16, 24, 32 and 40 lbs/ac. These rates were equivalent to 40, 60, 80 and 100 lbs/ac of SZ, respectively.
Row spacing: 7.5 inches and 30 inches.
Stand counts were taken at 21–30 days after planting.
Soil texture was loam for most of the locations.

80 lbs/ac of fertilizer applied:

SZSoybeanSeedSafetyText

RESULTS

Fig. 1: Plant Population by P Rate and Row Spacing
Fig. 2: Yield by P Rate and Row Spacing

SUMMARY

  • MicroEssentials® SZ® demonstrated less stand reduction and higher yield at 7.5 inches row spacing than 30 inches row spacing. See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.

  • Based on yield in Fig. 2, MicroEssentials® SZ® can be safely applied with soybean seed up to 40 lbs P₂O₅/ac (100 lbs MicroEssentials® SZ®/ac) in 7.5 inches row spacing.

  • Based on yield in Fig. 2, MicroEssentials® SZ® can be safely applied with soybean seed up to 32 lbs P₂O₅/ac (80 lbs MicroEssentials® SZ®/ac) in 30 inches row spacing.

  • MicroEssentials® SZ® applied in narrow spacing decreases the number of fertilizer granules next to the soybean seeds (higher percent SBU) and allows higher rates of fertilizer to be safely applied with the seed.

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Individual results may vary, and performance may vary from location to location and from year to year. This result may not be an indicator of results you may obtain as local growing, soil and weather conditions may vary. Growers should evaluate data from multiple locations and years whenever possible.